Eye tension (Glaucoma), which progresses as damage to the visual nerve due to the frequent increase in intraocular pressure, is known as Blackwater Disease among the people. Glaucoma is a common eye disease and if not diagnosed and treated early, it causes progressive narrowing of the visual field and permanent vision loss. It is the second most common cause of blindness in the world. The disease progresses without symptoms, especially in the early period.

What Are the Symptoms of Eye Pressure?

The presence of pain around the eyes and the appearance of halos around the light at night can be counted among the symptoms of glaucoma. Excessive enlargement of the eyes and 2 different sizes of the eyes. Individuals over the age of 40 who have a family history of eye pressure should have eye checks at least once a year. Because aging causes further weakening of the nerves, even a small increase in pressure can cause great damage to the eye.

How Is Glaucoma (Eye Pressure) Treated?

Since the damage to the optic nerve of the patient is irreversible, early diagnosis, regular glaucoma control and treatment are very important to prevent and slow down the vision loss. The aim is to protect the optic nerve, visual acuity and visual field by controlling the intraocular pressure. Glaucoma treatment varies according to the type and severity of the disease. Depending on the patient’s eye pressure, one or more of the eye drops, oral medications, laser or surgical treatments can be applied. Patients diagnosed with glaucoma should have regular eye examinations for the early detection of optic nerve damage. The visual loss of the patient should be minimized by keeping the pressure level in the eye balanced with regular doctor checks.

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