The process of taking a piece from the thyroid nodule in the thyroid gland is called thyroid biopsy. Thyroid nodules are discovered during routine examination or ultrasound examination. Thyroid nodules less than 1 cm in size are difficult to detect by examination and are often not noticed externally.
Thyroid biopsies are performed in daily practice to determine whether the nodules are cancerous. However, less than 10% of all thyroid nodules are cancer.
In Which Situations Is Thyroid Biopsy Performed?
When a thyroid nodule is detected, a biopsy is performed if cancer is suspected. A complete physical examination and detailed laboratory evaluation for other thyroid diseases should be performed beforehand.
How is Thyroid Biopsy Performed?
Thyroid biopsy, also known as Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB), is a very easy procedure that can be performed within seconds by experienced interventional radiologists. After the thyroid region in the neck is anesthetized with local anesthesia, painlessly, a thin needle is inserted into the desired area of the thyroid gland under ultrasound guidance. Sample cells are taken with a needle from different parts of the nodule in the thyroid gland and spread on slides and sent to the pathology laboratory.
What Should the Patient Do After Thyroid Biopsy?
The pain felt during the biopsy procedure is instantaneous and disappears after the procedure. Rarely, patients may experience mild discomfort. After the procedure, pressure is applied to the biopsy area with gauze or a sterile cloth for 20 minutes. No bandaging is required after this period. One day it would be appropriate to pay attention to the biopsy area in terms of infection.
What are the Complications of Thyroid Biopsy?
Post-biopsy infection, cyst formation, bleeding, etc. complications such as However, the occurrence of these complications is very rare with the right technique and approach.
We wish you healthy days
Assist. Assoc. Dr. Nertila Cevheroglu
Medlife Medical Center
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